General Pallet Information

GMA Pallet Specifications

Oregon Pallet specializes in recycled 48" x 40" 4-Way Wood Pallets. Most 48" x 40" pallets are manufactured as Grocery Manufacturer's Association (GMA) style pallets. Though the original GMA specification is outdated, the industry standard still follows the same guidelines:

  • Stringers are 1 3/8" x 3 ½" x 48" (often referred to as 2x4x48")
  • Stringers have two notches in the side to allow for forklift entry. This makes it a 4-way pallet.
  • Top and bottom deck boards are minimum 5/8" thick.
  • Top of pallet has a 5 ½" x 40" (1x6x40") board on each end, and five 3 ½" x 40" (1x4x40") boards in the center.
  • Bottom of pallet has a 5 ½" x 40" (1x6x40") board on each end, and three 3 ½" x 40" (1x4x40") boards positioned between the notches.
  • Alternate acceptable construction for GMA pallet is six 5/8" x 5 ½" x 40" (1x6x40") board on top, and four 5/8" x 5 ½" x 40" (1x6x40") boards on the bottom.

Reconditioned GMA-Type Pallet Definitions (Standard 48x40 Pallet)

All of our reconditioned pallets are repaired to the highest industry standard. Oregon Pallet is a member of the National Wood Pallet and Container Association (NWPCA), and repairs all pallets according to their nationally accepted repair standards.

#1 Grade Pallet (also referred to as a "Grade A" pallet)

This pallet has original stringers in good condition. It has no reinforcing wooden repair blocks or shims on the stringers. Deck board pattern is 7 top boards and 5 on bottom. We have the #1A and #1C, which are two sub-grades of the #1 pallet.

#1A – Premium Pallet

This pallet has GMA board configuration. It has no visible signs of repair. The wood is in good condition and it is often hard to tell a 1A from a new pallet. Sometimes referred to as a "food-grade" pallet, #1As are ideal for food and grocery customers, and work well with many automated systems. Up until several years ago, premium pallets were generally understood to have all hardwood materials. With the reduced supply of new pallets entering the market in recent years (due to the economic recession), it is extremely difficult to find enough completely hardwood premium pallets to satisfy the increasing demand for such pallets. Regardless of claims made, most loads of premium pallets will contain some softwood materials.

#1C Pallet – Standard Grade

The most common type of #1 pallet, this pallet may or may not have a GMA board configuration. It may have 4" or 6" lead boards. Deck boards are a minimum of 3 ½" wide and a minimum of 3/8" thick. Stringers and deck boards can be hard or softwood. Stringers may be repaired with metal plates, and in some cases, corrugated metal fasteners and or staples.

#2 Standard Grade Pallet (also referred to as a "B Grade" pallet)

On a #2 grade pallet, some portion of the original stringer is either cracked or missing, and a reinforcing piece of wood, called a block or a shim, has been added to the original stringer. At Oregon Pallet, we use shims that are 18" and notched to span the original side notch and maintain the 4-way entry/side access to the pallet. This ensures a solid repair that upholds the integrity of the pallet. Some companies use 6" repair blocks.

#2B Pallet (also referred to as a "#3" pallet)

This pallet may have more than one repair block per forklift cavity, and may have more than one block attached to an original stringer. The pallet may have arrived at our facility with a 6" block that has not been replaced, thus not meeting our usual #2 specification. Deck boards are a minimum of 3 ½" wide and a minimum of 5/16" thick. Deck board patter is still 7 top boards and 5 bottom boards.

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